Eating well balanced diet along with physical activity is equally important to manage your diabetes. Same can help you

  • keep your blood glucose level, blood pressure, and cholesterol in your target ranges
  • lose weight or stay at a healthy weight
  • prevent or delay diabetes problems
  • feel good and have more energy

FAQ on diabetic diet

Should I be concerned about taking fats in diet as I am a diabetic?

Yes, as diabetes increases the risk of heart problems, you should be very careful while choosing a certain type of fat.

The following table shows all types of fat with their sources. To have a healthy heart avoid:

  • Saturated and trans-fat oils (solid at room temperature).
  • Butter, cream.
Type of Fat Main Source


Canola, peanut, and olive oils; avocados; nuts such as almonds, hazelnuts, and pecans; and seeds such as pumpkin and sesame seeds.


Sunflower, corn, soybean, and flaxseed oils, and also in foods such as walnuts, flax seeds, and fish.


Whole milk, butter, cheese, and ice cream; red meat; chocolate; coconuts, coconut milk, coconut oil and palm oil.


Some margarines; vegetable shortening; partially hydrogenated vegetable oil; deep-fried foods; many fast foods; some commercial baked goods (check labels).

Eat foods with heart-healthy fats, which mainly come from these foods:

  • Monounaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats in morderation.
  • heart-healthy fish such as salmon, tuna, and mackerel.
What foods and drinks should I limit if I have diabetes?

Foods and drinks to limit include

  • fried foods and other foods high in saturated fat and trans fat.
  • beverages with added sugars, such as juice, regular soda, and regular sports or energy drinks.
  • sweets, such as baked goods, candy, and ice cream.
  • foods high in salt.
How much can I eat if I have diabetes?

Eating the right amount of food will help you manage your blood glucose level and your weight. Your health care team can help you figure out how much food and how many calories you should eat each day.

You can also refer your approximate calorie intake by visiting Calorie Calculator section on this website

When should I eat if I have diabetes?

Some people with diabetes need to eat at about the same time each day. If you take “mealtime” insulin, your eating schedule can be more flexible. Those who are on rapid-acting insulin may choose to take their insulin dose after the meal, if unsure of amount of food to be consumed. With certain diabetes oral medicines or insulin, if you skip or delay a meal, your blood glucose level can drop too low. Always discuss your meal pattern with health care team to fix dose and schedule of insulin or oral medicines to avoid such situation

Can people with diabetes have sugar?

Amounts recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA): 36 grams (9 teaspoons) for men, 24 grams (6 teaspoons) for women, and less than 24 grams (6 teaspoons) for children ages 2 to 18.

People with diabetes can still have sweets, chocolate, or other sugary foods as long they are eaten as part of a healthful meal plan or combined with exercise. However, it is best to save sugary foods for an occasional treat and enjoy them in small portions within the limits mentioned above.

Are people with diabetes not allowed to eat grapes, mangoes, pineapple or bananas?

There are some fruits that you should be more cautious about. For instance, it's recommended that bananas, grapes, mango, and pineapple be eaten only in the limited quantities as they can cause a fast spike in blood sugars due to their higher carbohydrate content. Also such fruits should be consumed as a whole and not in the form of milkshake or juice as same have more sugar.

Can I get rid of type 2 diabetes if I stop eating carbs and/or lose a lot of weight?

Though this is a debatable topic; slowly research has started emerging and studies show reversal of diabetes with strict lifestyle and dietary interventions. Any which way you can always control your sugar levels with such interventions.
If you have prediabetes or were just diagnosed with type 2, losing a lot of weight can put the condition into remission Not eating carbohydrate or severely restricting it is also nearly impossible for many people in general. It's also not healthy, because you won't get essential nutrients and needs constant supervision from your health care team.

Why is it OK to eat fruit when it's full of carbohydrate? Are some fruits better to eat than others?

The calories in all fruits (fresh, frozen, dried, and canned without added sugar) are mainly carbohydrate with a bit of protein. People with diabetes need to eat a certain amount of carbs every day for energy and essential nutrients. Healthy sources of carbs include fruits, as well as vegetables, whole grains, legumes (beans), and low-fat dairy foods.

What Are Good Travel Foods for People with Diabetes?

Preplanning and having healthy snacks at the ready are keys to help you eat healthy on the road. Fresh fruit, small containers or cans of fruit (no syrup), fat-free yogurt, part-skim cheese (sticks, slices, and cubes), sugar-free pudding cups, nuts (any type), whole wheat crackers or pretzels, peanut butter, baby carrots, and 100-calorie snack packs (buy them or create your own) are few examples of foods to keep handy on the go . Also, drink plenty of water and avoid sugary juices or colas

Why do you need to follow a diet although you are on insulin or taking diabetes medication?

Medicine cannot work alone to reach the targeted goal. It requires diet and exercise to play its role in reducing glycaemic spikes as much as possible so that they can work on reducing your blood sugar level by their individual mechanisms.

What are the best foods to eat before and after exercising?

Eat foods like bread, crackers, dry cereal, 100 percent fruit juice, or sports drink with calories. Unless your workout was particularly exhausting or goes on several hours, you do not need food. People who take insulin and are physically active should consult their doctor about how to adjust insulin dosages.

Can smoking effect my blood sugar?

The nicotine further makes your blood vessels harder and narrower, reducing blood flow. Since diabetes already makes you more likely to get heart disease, smoking will only increase the chances of it.

Can I drink alcohol?

Yes, adults with diabetes can drink alcohol under guidelines as an average of up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men. However, drinking more than three drinks per day over time has been shown to make glucose control a challenge.

  • Moderate amount of blood sugar may increase blood sugar level.
  • High amount of alcohol cause severe amount of hypoglycaemia.

For people who take insulin or diabetic medicines that can cause hypoglycaemia, eat some food when drinking alcohol. In type 1 diabetes significant alcohol intake can cause hypoglycaemia a number of hours later, so regularly check blood sugar levels when you drin.

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