Diabetes and Feet


  • Foot problems are caused by neuropathy, poor circulation or a combination of both.
  • The loss of feeling that comes with neuropathy is especially dangerous, as you may not be aware of cuts, blisters and bruises.
  • The loss of sensation can change the way you walk or can damage bones and joints.
  • Delays in treatment can lead to serious problems.

Foot problems include:

  • Changes in sensation from severe pain to numbness
  • Increased likelihood of infection (bacterial and fungal)
  • Slow wound healing
  • Deformation of the joints
  • If you have foot problems, consult a doctor right away. Early diagnosis can make a dramatic difference.
  • Treatment for infection includes antibiotics and regular wound dressing.
  • Impaired circulation sometimes can be helped by blood vessel bypass.
  • Unfortunately, in advanced cases of poor circulation and uncontrolled infection, amputation may be necessary

Tips to Take Care of Your Feet

  • Get regular foot exams
  • Not go barefoot
  • Do not use sharp objects or corn/wart removers
  • Protect your feet from hot and cold.
  • Keep the blood flowing to your feet by exercise or walk
  • Stop smoking
  • Wash, dry and inspect your feet each day. Specially, between your toes
  • Wear shoes and socks that fit all the time.
  • Make sure there is nothing sharp or irritating in your shoes
  • Report corns, calluses and injuries that don’t heal to your doctor
  • Cut toenails straight across
  • Control your blood glucose

When should I see my doctor about foot problems?

Visit your doctor right away if you have

  • a cut, blister, or bruise on your foot that does not start to heal after a few days
  • skin on your foot that becomes red, warm, or painful—signs of a possible infection
  • a callus with dried blood inside of it, which often can be the first sign of a wound under the callus
  • a foot infection that becomes black and smelly—signs you might have gangrene
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